Monday, January 23, 2012

Free Tutorial: Upcycled Cookie Tin Using Mixed Media Techniques

This tin is a perfect container for your art supplies, as well as a wonderful gift item for any holiday.  Fill it with pencils, cookies or use it as a special container for that just perfect birthday gift..this is truly a versatile container.  What makes it even better is the fact that it is up-cycled and kept out of the trash dumps.

I listed all the supplies I had used when creating it.  Knowing that you might not have the same exact things at home in your stash, I encourage you to be flexible.  Don't have the Letraset markers?  Use water colors.  Just use whatever items you have at home.

Supplies Used

Used clean tin (mine was from Aldi)
Soft to medium lead pencil
Acrylic pencil eraser (try to avoid the pink school erasers, they have grit which will eat into the surface)
Flexible sanding material, medium grit
White gesso (I used Golden brand)
1" wide flat brush (inexpensive is wonderful)
Small round water color brushes
Old text paper (I used old dictionary pages)
Liquid acrylic paint
Matte gel medium
Letraset AquaMarkers
Prismacolor colored pencils
Water-soluble crayons
Misc. cloth rags
2 Jars of clean water, one to wash your brushes, one kept clean
Heat gun (to speed up drying if needed)

This tutorial is a work in process, I will be making corrections and Adjustments in the next few days.

Step One: Sand

Using a flexible sanding media, sand all areas that you wish to be painted or altered.  Pay special attention to the inside corners on the lid.  You basically want to eliminate all shiney surfaces, which will make the gesso stick better and give the tin surface more tooth to hang on to the gesso.

Step Two:  Gesso your surface 

Grab a wide brush of your choice and start to cover the entire surface with a healthy layer of gesso.  You may need to go over an area a few times to be sure the layer holds.   Don't be afraid to leave brush strokes in your coverage.  Brush strokes are OK and add plenty of character to the  surface of the tin.

Step 2 b: Let the gesso dry completely 

 You may need to add a 2nd or 3rd layer depending on the brand of gesso you used.   Also, here you will find if you sanded the surface well enough.  If you look carefully you'll see some minor cracking in the corners of the lid in this picture.  I missed those spots and  the gesso didn't stick to the lid surface.  I had to reapply a second and third layer to be sure the original surface was covered.

Step 3: Collage!

When all of the surfaces are completely dry you can apply your text pages to the sides of the tin.  Using the matte gel medium and working in sections, apply a layer of text to the tin.  This is a wonderfully messy step and fingers are the preferred tool to use :) Paint the tin with a layer of gel medium, then add a section of text.  Be sure to smooth the paper down with your fingers to remove any air bubbles beneath. Move on to the next section and repeat, this time rotate the text so that it is aligned in a different direction.  As you move along be sure to trim as much extra material off the edge of the tin, it should be slightly damp and somewhat easier to tear off. Once you have the sides of the tin covered in your text paper, and if you haven't already, coat the entire surface with a final layer of gel medium to seal the paper.  Let dry overnight.  Testing the surface to be sure it is completely dry, use your fingers and rub on a coat of gesso over the text.  Use a little bit of water to thin it out and before it starts to dry, take a clean cloth to rub off the gesso.  I know I know, put it on ..take it off?  Yup :) Basically you are covering the area and taking off the gesso on the "high" areas.  The gesso will settle into the cracks and crannys .  This tones down the print a bit.  If your print is lighter in color, then go the opposite and use a darker watered down acrylic and wipe off.

Step 4: Draw your design

Using your pencil, either trace or directly draw your design onto the tin lid.  Be careful of how hard you press on to the lid with your pencil, harder led will tend to etch into the gesso and possibly peal up the surface.  No biggy if this happens, simply grab your brush and reapply a layer of gesso to cover the area. Once dry you can go back over to adjust your drawing.

Step 5: Time to color

Using your water-soluble crayons, start coloring in areas.  The more color you lay down, the darker or more saturated the section will be.  When you think you are satisfied, grab your small water color brush, dip it in the water, tap off any extra on a cloth and start to blend the color in one section at a time.  Be sure to work in areas that are not next to each other, to eliminate the chance one color will bleed into another.  You also need to remember that the more water on your brush, the more liquid the color will have to dissolve in.  The "wetter" the area, the more the color will settle via gravity.  This may be an effect you are wanting to create. Looking at the picture above, you can see the dark blue area, here I used a liberal amount of water and rotated the design upside down.  I let the color run on the lid to create a more organic effect.  Always be sure to let each section dry thoroughly before working on the section next to it.

Step 5b: Additional layers of color

You may need to lay additional color on to your design.  Here I felt that the dark blue wasn't enough.  I added more crayon and dissolved it with a bit more water, you can actually see the wet drips in the photo.  I also slightly rubbed off some of the blue closer to the bottom to give it a slightly transparent look.  As I waited for the blue to dry, I also took this time to add additional shadowing and color with my prismacolor pencils.  I used a reddish orange to deepen the darker areas of her hair, as well as (when dry) a darker blue to reinforce the shadowy areas of her blue dress.

Step 6: Final touches

This is the "catch-all" step.  On the lid edge lay down a juicy layer of Letraset AquaMarker. Don't totally saturate the edge area with color because you then need to rub it down with your finger to give it a smudgy grungy look.  You may want to use a damp brush to it to wet it down slightly and make it smudge easier.  Once dry use the liquid acrylic color to make the light stripped areas and outlined them with pencil.  Again let the layer dry completely.  Next, use  the same  Letraset marker and draw a line on the inside edge of the lid.  Using a clean damp brush again,   smudge  the marker color to fade into the lid design making sure to try and eliminate the actual line. This is also a good time to add  in more color around her hair with the watersoluble crayons to bring out her hair color.  If needed you can tone down the color in the background as well  ( In this picture you can see in the area around her neck, I rubbed in some watered down gesso to lighten it up a bit).  So, after your adjustments have dried you can now use your pencil once more and touche up the lines in the drawing.   When you are satisfied and feel that you are  done, go ahead and spray  a heavy layer of final fixative to all the painted surfaces.  This seals it and insures that the color will not rub off in the future.

All in all this project may take you a few days to complete.  The major time killer is letting the different layers dry completely.  But, if you are short on time, you can use a heat gun to speed up the process a bit. Just remember, it is a metal tin and it will get hot if you hold your heat gun over it long enough.  Be careful.


Comments are always welcome.  If you should have any questions, feel free to post them  and I will try my best to answer them.

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